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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 正式发布准确时间:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


全国两会国内 划算答问|面对生活对决,中国现代有制造出怎么长期保持良性认知度?——人代会中国现代有金钱选择题之四


zhizuoyeshiguojiaxiandaidisanquanchanyeliandezhiji。19nianjinnianyilai,guojiadalugongyeshengchandisanquanchanyelianshangzhangwenzhongqiujin𝄹,dantanranmianduicuowugengfuzadequanguoxingshi、“guagouduanlian”dewailiantiaozhan,xiangguan“quanchanyelianlianqianru”“guojiaxiandaizhizuodeyoushibuyongzai”dengshoujishengyinbuting。


5ritiqingyiandezhongyangzhengfuxingzuoyetongjizhong,“yonglijinxingdangdaihuadisanchanye꧃baozhangtixijichujianshe,huanmanfazhanqianjing💜xinzhizhizuoli”weiyu2023nianzhongyangzhengfuxingzuoyerenheshouge,fahuilerenqingzhuqishitidianzijingenjudeshengdonghuopojingbao。


congbaogaoshuliangmingdexinjieduanmubiaoxinzhengcecuoshi,daoxiangzhengchangwuweiyuan、lingyuzhuanjiaxuejiadengjieshaodeshiligushibeijinghezhuanyejieshi,zaidaojizhezhanzaibiaogandecaifangxinwendiaoyancailiao,jiwomendajiaduiwoguodeyingzaowendingnenglisuzhili,🅺baozhengwenyingfazhanqushichuxianxiangduifenmingdedelijiezhidao。


针对改革,危机感足耐磨性强


gengfuzayanzhongdewaimianhuanjingxia,zhongguoguojiazhizaochangyezhongxiaoxingqiyejinqizoushishoudaodajiazhuyi。


“woguogoujiandisanchanyejixitongrendekongqi、taidasifudianjijixitongdengguonei൲hua,zhengkuaisuchuhangjiaojijincheng,fazhanguo.jigupiaoshichangzhanweijiyoulv。”dalianxinsongjixitongrenzhongxinhuaguquan🌜feichangyouxianzhuangxiugongsishouxizongcaizhangjinbiaodayongzaigongzuozhonganlikudechujielun,zailuohouzhengfudasizhanlvebujudejixitongrenfangmian,bazhongxinnengliwolao、disanchanyeshengjizuoquan,“jiusuanfengjuancanyun,yenenggouwenzhongyoujinwangqianzou”。


zheilishigongchangbojishichangdexiezhao,yeshiwoguodezhizuoyexuyaoduitiaozhanmoshidexiezhao。


yiwangsannian,guojijichangjingfenggaolangji。diyuanzhexue、shijiedaguozhengduodengchongjishiyanyuelaiyuemingxing,fazhanfangxiangguojiadechuangzaoyehuidao,xibanya、dongnanfangyadengdiguojiajingjifazhanfangxianggaoxiaofazhanfangxiang,zheng🧜duochixubuduandepinfa。zheileishizhukeguanhuiyou、qiewubirangde💝zhenshigan。keshi,changshuaiquanguoguojiachuangzao、changshuaiquanguoguojiaguojiajingjifazhanfangxiangdelundiaojiazageju,shikeyizuoyixiebianzhenglunzhichanshude。


yaoduijibai、fupin🐭kenangongjian,zhongguoyoushengchanzhizaofangchanjiansheguimojiao、chukoumaoyijiansheguimojiaozuodaoleliangdehelixingzengjia,shizhongweichizhuanyeshichang𒆙bilidebujubaochiwending。


juxiangyingguojiajiweiquanquanܫfuzerenkun“kezhanglvsetongdao”shangjieshaoyixia,2025nian,muqianlingyigegongyehuazengtianzhidadaosishiwanyi,zhangdp𓆉de31.7%。zaochengyemianjilianzhe15nianjutianxiashouwei。


“dangjinhenduojiatinghuaqiyehuabiaozhuntixidejianshezhengqushouyaojinkuang”“youyipizhongdadeqiyehuaxinxihuazhongdachengguowanchengguojilianmengbijiao𒆙haodejishu”……bumengangweiqingkuang🐻huibaodeyiximiaoshu,mingxianlulieqiangzhizuoyedelaokaodongzuo。


zhengpinfashengleruhanmeisuochengde“qiyelianshidangzhuanyichao”ma?


bunenggoufouding,shouzongchengbendengzhongyaoyinsusunhai,yixialaodonggaizaomibuxingcaipindedeshengchanyidongdaorenhewoguo。buguo,yuanyinzhongguojiayigaodufangdaoshijieshidashijiqiyezhanlvezuzhijiagou,ernengyuzhishaochangjiachechuzhongguojiayoutuihuiqu,huorengxucongqizhong𝔉guojiajinkoulianghailiangzhongruanjian。


“jibukeyiyipiangaiquan,jiangmouxiejibenyuanzekanzuozongbujuxingzoushi,jiuyaokeyikandaozheigejulingyuhuaweilaifazhandekeguanxingdeyouguilv,wodelingyuhuazhenggaibianqiangzhixitongshengjizhongzaisujingzhengxingli。”taihexincaijituanwosijianjieguquanyouxianwosigudongzhangsongxiquanshizhiyifangzhipinyejulieshuo,suishuomouxiejiagongchulijibenyuanzezhuanzou,danzongbuju🗹xingzengjiazhizhengwanshan。202liangnianduo,zaiwoguogaoxingxianweisudeshengchannenglizhanquanhuanjingdebizhiyijingchaoguo3fenzhiliu,202liangnianduoyongyumaoyiebifazhan14.4%。


gongxinli♓qianggangweishujuxinxizhanxian,muqianzai500zhongjibengongyeqiyeshipinzhong,zhongguoguojiayoubaifenzhisishiyixiashipinnianchuꦇxianjuyugeguodiyige,wojisuanfangshiji、pingguoshouji、ritounengweixingxudianchibandengyidapigenbenshipinnianchuxianzhangeguo1/2yixia。zaochengyedeguimozhangeguobaifenbigaochu30%。


weizhuanyeshengchanzhizaojiꦯshuchangchangyetuijinfazhanjinbu,jianggaofangfashengchanzhizaojishuchangchangyejiachanlianjinyidianjuzaiyiqi。44geouzhouguojiadiquweizhuanyeshengchanzhizaojishuchangchangyejiqunshi、178jiaouzhouguojiadiqugaoxinjishuquzonghengjiaocuofushe,julianchengqunjiedui。shangyinian,tixianjiachanshenghuopeitaohejichenghuazhuanyenenglidefuzhuzhuangbeishengchanzhizaojishuchangchangyechukoumaoyiguo13.42wan5yi,“xinsanyang”shipinchukoumaoyiguotupodianwan5yi。


“yiguojiaxinlvsenengyuanxinhuochejiayifenxi,changxingshijiankaodeshixinjishu🔜、xiaolvheyouxiaolvxinxihuadegaoxinjiazhilian。”zhanganhuochexinhuochedongshihuichengyuanzhangzhuhuarongzhidaishuo,kuangjiazaixianshengji✃zhengzuoweizhizaojishuyelingyileigeguanjianjilienenglisuzhi。


“guagouduanlian”tiaozhanlegeguozaiguoneichanyefazhanlianshengchanshangliandezhuangtaima?guoyanfayizhishangjinxinzuoda——


dou🌊youzhengheguopinpaileixingzhongsuoyou gongyepinleifen;zaiyixiahexinyanjiufangxiangheguanjianchesaishangjianchengsanpidoujuyouquanpinpailiandejingzhengyoushikeyandeyoushikeyanpinpai;yiyuzhongzhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”zhongxiaopinpai1.2wan,90%jiyishangshiguowaiwaikoubeihaodazhongxiaopinpaidepeibeichangjiazhixiaoshang。


modelxtianjinchaozhuzaochang,lingyuanjianguojihuazhanlvehuaওlvtupo95%。modelxjigouzhizaochangfuzongjinglicaisonggangshuo,modelxyuguojiachangjiazhixiaoshang“tongshengxieshougongjin”。


ruidianhuanqiuwangzhanxiazaixiafawenjiancheng“zhongguozhizuodeqianyuzhongjichuxingchengpinbudenengzhaozhongfushiyongtigongshang”。zhongguoruidiantongxianghuidabannianqianshangxiande2023🤪/28niandudeqixingyenaixindiaochafenxishangbaoxianshi,yibanyishangfangtaiqiyezhuyujizaizhangyuanguihua5nianjiajuzaihuatouzizhe,liyouchanpinzhiyishitigonglianzhu🎀buwanshan、shenmeshijingzhenglibuduantisheng。


“renmenyongyongwanhaodejiachanguanlitixi、zhangjiujituandeshimianfanweidengyouyue,zaocheng𝄹yezhangjiudewenbujingjifazhandejichumianyiranlaoguxing。”zhonghuaguangdianzixiaoxijiachanjingjifazhantantaoyuanxiaozhangzhanglibiaoshishuo,ye⛦shizhonghuazaochengdepolisuochuweizhi、rourensuochuweizhi。


回应试炼,坚持“稳”的持续性


jianshouyiyouyoushi,yaoquebao“wen”dedinglihainaixin。gengweiquanqiugedichanyedefazhanlianshengchanliandegejugouzaojinyibu💖sheding,xinxingguojiashengchanjiangshenmeyi“wen”yingbiansulv?


——xianyaotikuaiwen。“tigaogongyeyuanjinqianpingjingyunzuo”,quzhengfushangbanbaogaogeshishifangchulewenbeizengdezhengcewenjian4gxinhao。


shiyehewentihuabuzhouweizhangjinzhuanglongzai8ribaomingcanjiadeshisijiehubeishengzhongguorenmindaxueliangcihuiyi“zhouweizhangjianxiutongdao”shangbiaoda,jiuzaijinnianjiangshenrujicengshixingjidadexingyewenzengjiagongzuodefangansheji,♕gulidehuashiyeqiangsheng、shiyedashi“yongtiaohengliang”。


chuantongyishuhuayiyigaoxinjiachanzaiyanfayezhanbilichao80%,shihenduohuagaoxinjiachanzuzhitizhidejidi,youguanjingjinenglichengzhangheguojihuimin,wojiushiguoweichiquan.qiushouweiyanfayexiaoguozuoyongdetongchangpan,bunenggoubachuantongyishu𒁏huayiyigaoxinjiachanweizhuangcheng“digaoxinjiachan”fangbiantuichu。pinggubaogaomingquehuayixuduoyanjiubushu,zhongyaotujingjiasuchuantongyishuhuayiyigaoxinjiachandeshengjigai🧔zaojiaqiang。


liyongchuantongshi🎶gaoxinchanyejiegoudediaozheng,laogongye🃏jidifushunpengboxiangshangyixinji。fushunshizhenzhanggaojiandaibiaoxingshuo,jiuzaizhizuofadaguojijigaofudongzhixinxingyuanliaoliaojidi,tongchouguihuaxinqiyoushi。


——haishifengxianguanlitixizhongquan,baozhenghaochanyedefazhanfengxianguanlitixizhongdewanquan。


2024nian,guangxishengzhuang📖zujicengminzhuqubaiseshifuhexinghuanjinglvqiyezeng﷽jiazhitisheng12005yi,jingyinglvtukuangjiaoyuchengbenduoyanghuayoudian,chanshengconglvjiaoyuchengbendaojingfeiliaojiagongchangdewanshanqiyelian。


xingyebaogaoxitongchanshu“gaishandongbeiyahezhongwaibuyanhaidiquchengbaocai🌊chanshidanggenghuanshuiping”,bingduiyuzhongzhuanxingshengjixianjinjiagongyejiqunshidengshangshubushuanpai。“zheijiangjinzheiyibujinyibutuidongchanshengkongjianquyukexuehelirenwufenpei、liandiaofazhanqushidecaichanxingshi。”baiseshiquzhanggeguokeshishuo,baisezhengquanxinquanyituijinxiangmutoujianzhongguoxiandai—dongmengguojiacaichangongsihezuoqubaisezhengtitoujian,jianlichengbaozhongguodaluwaicaichanshidanggenghuanbaolei。


——yeyaoliantiaoqiang,mingxianzengqiangjiachanzhengduoli。


gongyehuadehexinxinhuabushuzidaibiao,jiangguojiadalizhidingyigeyanfayezhongdianshiliutongyelianyouxiaoguochengzhanglaijiaru。yilianyice,bubuduanban、duanzhangban、qiangjichuxing,zengqiangxuexiliutongyeliangonghuo💯lianjianrenheguojijingzhenglili。


“jinian,womendajiajiangwanquanchexiaoshougong🅷zhizaoyeqiyedelingyuduiwaitouzishenpishouxianzhianquancuoshi,yezhunbeihaoshi♛dianquxiuguanhugaosulianwangluowangdeshujupingtaidengzibenzengzhi5gyewuyuan。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


利用机会,壮大新质生产的力


shenchuxiangzhongpinzhipapoguokandehenzhongyaoshekoukouan,zhongguoneidizhongzhiyaokuaisudaozhixinzhizhongzhili。


renminzhengfuyewugaitongjixianmingtediantiqi“youlifahuizuoyongxinshijuguotizhiji🦹zhitese,quanmiandetigaolexuanzetesehuashuiping”。cong“cuilianjichushangyanfamoshipingmianbuzhi”dao“zhichiyourenzhimingdudezhizaoyeqiyetonglixiezuodade🧸kejigongguanjirenwu”,gaitongjitiqiyixiqudechengxiao。


zhongshi,xinchanpincongshengchanxiaoshouyanfadaoshengchanxiaoshoude𝔉bijingdelu。youyufuchujiaogao,gengduozhongxiaoxingqiyequeshaozhongshitexing。jizhongzhei“guanzhudian”,xingyebaogaolejie“jiadafeichangdadexiandaikejiyijuanquansheshibiaozhunhuaxuanzhi,tuijinxiangmujianchengtongyixingjishushuipingappyouxiܫpingtai、zhongjianyanzhengappyouxipingtaijiancheng”。


gongyeyuanhechanpinjingxihuabumingnianjiangjidujutishishihaokexuejishutedaanquanshiguzhuanmenhezhuyaochanpinyanfayuji,goujianpiguoneizaochengyexinxijishuchuangxinji🅠gou,jinbugaokexuejishu,baochifuwuyehua,jiaokuaijinbuxinzhishengchanzhizaoli。


zhenghexinxingdecaichan、weilaishenghuocaichan,fuzhigengdaxinniubeisaidao。


“jijitaiduxingdongjianshedongwuzhizaofang⛎fa、gongshangyehangtiankeji、dikongguojiajingjidengbiangengzhangzuocang”“kaituoleliangzifangfa、huolikexueyanjiudengxindaolu”“jianlidiyipifazhanshinianpinpaixiandaoqu”……baogaofanwenjinjinweiraojijitaiduxingdongyuzhong🦋xinqipinpaihefazhanshinianpinpai,juticuoshishi、tuiguangxi。


“jiunenghuodezhuangdaxushidaifa,duoqujiqiaozhichengzhubutuijin。”foshangaodehongwaigongsigupiaoshiyouxiandegongsidongshijuzhanghuang🀅libiaoshishuo,19niangongsiyaozaidikongchengben、naojijiekoubiaozhundengfanchoushezu。


gongnongyehetupiandashujuyingyongruanjianbuquanquanyibashoushuzidaibiao,jiangsuoduanqianduandejimuhedexiangtongxingdejimuzhanxianji、jiaoyupeiyangyou𝕴shipinpai、jinzheiyibuwanshanfuwuyeshengtaijingji。zaifazhanfuwuyedengfangmian,bahutongrengongfuwuzidonghua、renxingxitongren、naojijiemiandengzuoweixiazheiyibuyaodianbujuhelidefangfa。anshishangchuanqianduandejimupinpaituiguangmulugeshi,guanchuanyaodianqianyanjishutishengyingyongruanjianchongjishiyanchang,suoduanfuwuyejiaoyupeiyang。


zhuozhushumaqiji,jiangsu“rengongkefudianhuazidonghua+”。


guonei🦂jungonghuanqiugedizhengtitouziedadezixunwifiwangluotongxinwifiwangluo,kuangchizhengtitouziehuanqiugedier,kuanfanganchuposhendejiashu🍰qiyebiangeshijiagongzhizaoxingyegengxindezuiyouxiaodaoxiangzhongzhiyi。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shifuwuyeercichuangyedebidinghui,yeshidazaoweilaifazhanfangxiangxinyoulieshidezuiweiguanjiande。꧟”zhongxingpingtaidianligujiaoshaopingtaiyijifuzongjinglicaimiaoweishizhishuo,yonghaochuangxinxinggongzuopingtai,youxiwangjianchidangdelingdaojibentiaojian、qiangzhua♑xinjiyu、jiasutuijinweilaifazhanfangxiang。

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